Matched filter in digital communications

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Matched filter simulation
Matched filter simulation

In this scenario, a pulse is sent and shall be detected at the receiver. It might represent a symbol for digital transmission or a radar pulse. The received pulse might be almost hidden in noise.

Transmitted pulse
Transmitted pulse
Received pulse
Received pulse

It is a matter of detecting the pulse in an optimal way. Which receive filter achieves the best signal-to-noise ratio? Compare different combinations of sender side pulse shapers and receiver side filters.

Start

This simulation provides different filters for pulse shaping and receive filter. These are for instance:

Rectangular pulse
Rectangular pulse
Half-sine pulse
Half-sine pulse shaper

To make results comparable, all filters are power-normalized. This means, the pulse energy is equal for all of them.

Determine the energy E of both pulses!

Pulse energy: E = ?

E = 0,5 mV2s

Noise

Now let's look at the noise. White Gaussian noise is added (AWGN channel). Determine the noise power of the detected signal!

Noise power: N = ?

N = 25 mV2

Does the noise power differ for the different filters?

Signal

Now let's look at the signal. The sent pulse passes the receive filter. Determine the maximum amplitude of the detected signal!

Detected signal for a pulse - receive filter combination
Detected signal for a pulse - receive filter combination
Detected signal for another pulse - receive filter combination
Detected signal for another pulse - receive filter combination

Which combinations of pulse shaper and receive filter show the maximum amplitude?

What is the corresponding signal power of the optimal sampled detected signal d'(t)?

Signal power: S = ?

S = 1 V2

Signal-to-noise ratio

The signal quality is measured as the ratio of signal power to noise power.

Determine the SNR for the best filter combinations - using the measured values!

Signal-to-noise ratio: SNR = ?

SNR = 40

The receive filter achieving the best SNR for a given sender side pulse shape is called 'Matched filter'. How can the SNR be calculated using the given energy of the sent pulse and the noise power-spectral-density N0? Find out the formula.

Signal-to-noise ratio: SNR(E, N0) = ?

SNRE, N0 = 2EN0
noise power-spectral-density
Noise power-spectral-density N0
Detected signal and noise for a pulse - receive filter combination
Detected signal for a pulse - receive filter combination
Detected signal and noise for another pulse - receive filter combination
Detected signal for another pulse - receive filter combination